API Gateway Routes

Jets translates config/routes.rb definitions to API Gateway Resources: Routing Overview. Essentially, API Gateway is the routing layer of a Jets application. From the AWS API Gateway product page:

You can create REST and WebSocket APIs that act as a “front door” for applications to access data, business logic, or functionality from your backend services, such as workloads running on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), code running on AWS Lambda, any web application, or real-time communication applications.

As Jets leverages API Gateway, we should consider and understand the way API Gateway works, its limits, and its benefits.

Sibling Variable Limit

Update 11/15/2023: Jets v5 defaults to using a single APIGW Method that acts like a proxy. Jets handles routing. This resolves this variable sibling limit since Jets is not creating multiple APIGW Method resources.

API Gateway allows the use of one variable path under a parent path. Here’s an example with a variable of :id under the parent path posts/:

Jets.application.routes.draw do
  get  "posts/:id", to: "posts#show"
  get  "posts/:id/edit", to: "posts#edit"

API does not currently support multiple sibling variables under the same parent path. For example, the following does not work:


Jets.application.routes.draw do
  get  "posts/:id", to: "posts#show"
  # :post_id and :id are siblings with same parent `posts` - only 1 sibling variable is allowed
  get  "posts/:post_id/edit", to: "posts#edit"

To fix this you must rename :post_id to :id.

More Details

When you try to deploy this, it will fail with an error that looks something like this:

$ jets deploy
Deploying CloudFormation stack with jets app!
11:29:43PM UPDATE_IN_PROGRESS AWS::CloudFormation::Stack demo-dev User Initiated
11:30:01PM UPDATE_FAILED AWS::CloudFormation::Stack ApiGateway Embedded stack arn:aws:cloudformation:us-west-2:112233445566:stack/demo-dev-ApiGateway-154WB3G5JW51D/9725de30-19e4-11e9-8459-0688a7bf983a was not successfully updated. Currently in UPDATE_ROLLBACK_IN_PROGRESS with reason: The following resource(s) ...

Going to the CloudFormation console and clicking on the ApiGateway Embedded stack child stack allows you to see the error details:

A sibling ({id}) of this resource already has a variable path part – only one is allowed

You can manually reproduce the error in the API Gateway console also.

So currently, to fix this you must rename :post_id to :id and use the same sibling variables under the same parent paths.